Teaching Computer Science to Students with Asperger’s Syndrome
|Institusjon||Oslo University College|
|Publikasjon||Norsk informatikkonferanse (NIK)|
|Nøkkelord||Computer science students, Asperger’s Syndrome, special pedagogics, IT geeks, nerds|
|ISSN/ISSN2||1892-0713 (trykk) / 1892-0721 (online)/|
|Utgiver||Tapir Akademisk Forlag|
|Adresse utgiver||Besøksadresse: Tapir Akademisk Forlag Nardoveien 12, Trondheim Postadresse: Tapir Akademisk Forlag Postboks 2461 Sluppen 7005 Trondheim|
AbstraktAs more young people enter higher education, there will be an increasing number of students
with physical and mental disabilities. Hidden disabilities like dyslexia, Attention Deficit
(Hyperactive) Disorders, (ADD and ADHD), Asperger’s Syndrome (AS), and various degrees
of reading and learning difficulties can be hard to spot, and university and college teachers
are not trained to handle these students. Empirical studies show that there is an
overrepresentation of people with Asperger’s Syndrome in computer science studies and in
the computer industry. There are many programmers with autistic traits, many of whom are
autodidacts. The profession attracts Aspergers and others with personality disorders who
prefer computers to social settings, and the computer industry would be wise in trying to
attract more varied personality types. Aspergers have narrow fields of interest, lack empathy,
have difficulties reading other peoples mental states and understanding the needs of others.
This causes problems with group tasks, and understanding user needs. The education
institutions are being blamed for not being good enough, as they turn out computer
professionals with little understanding of user needs. These are serious concerns in an age
where focus is on accessible and user-friendly computer systems, user requirements and
usability testing and involving users in the development process. This paper presents
discussions on Asperger’s Syndrome found in sociological and psychological studies,
guidelines for pedagogical methods, as well as personal experience with students with
Asperger’s Syndrome. Some pedagogical techniques based on experience are suggested. Most
of these techniques can be beneficial for all students and influence the way computer science
ReferanserAttwood, T. (1998) ’Asperger’s Syndrome: A guide for parents and professionals.’
London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers Ltd.
Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Stone, V., & Rutherford, M. (1999) ’A
mathematician, a physicist, and a computer scientist with Asperger Syndrome: A
performance on folk psychology and folk physics tests’. Neurocase 5: 475-483.
Berube, C. T. (2007) ’Autism and the Artistic Imagination. The Link between Visual
Thinking and Intelligence.’ Teaching Exceptional Children Plus. Volume 3, Issue 5,
Bourdieu, P. \'Outline of a Theory of Practice\'Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Retrieved 24.07.2010 from
Carrington, S., Graham, S. (2001) ’ Perceptions of School by Two Teenage Boys with
Asperger Syndrome and their Mothers: A Qualitative Study’. Autism March 2001 5 pp.
Dreyfus, S. (2001) ’Underground: Tales of hacking, madness and obsession on the
electronic frontier.’ Retrieved November 7, 2008, from
Egan, M. A, (2005) ’Students with Asperger’s Syndrome in the CS classroom’ ACM
SIGCSE Bulletin archive
Volume 37 , Issue 1 Pages: 27 - 30 ISSN:0097-8418
Ehlers, S., & Gillberg, C. (1993) The epidemiology of Asperger Syndrome: ’A total
population study’. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 34(8): 1327-1350.
Grandin, T. (2001) Genius may be an abnormality: Educating students with Asperger’s
Syndrome, or High Functioning Autism. Retrieved July 24, 2010, from
Jackson, L. (2002). Freaks, Geeks & Asperger Syndrome: A User Guide to
Adolescence. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers Ltd
Klawe, M. (2001) Refreshing the nerds. Communications of the ACM, 44(7): 67-68.
Hunter, A. ’High-tech Rascality: Asperger’s Syndrome, Hackers, Geeks, and
Personality Types in the ICT Industry’
Journal of the Sociological Association of Aotearoa/New Zealand
Volume 24 Number 2 2009
Myles, B., & Simpson, R. (2001). ’Understanding the Hidden Curriculum: An Essential
Social Skill for Children and Youth with Asperger Syndrome’. Intervention In School
& Clinic, 36 (5), 279-291. Retrieved July 24, 2010 from uscm.med.sc.edu/autism/
Olsen, K.A. (2010) ’Two Cases of bad Web Usability: Banking and Employee Self
Service’. Proceedings of Unitech 2010.
Rutter, M. (2005) ’Incidence of autism spectrum disorders: Changes over time’. Acta
Paediatrica 94: 2-15.
Safran, J. (2002). A Practitioner\'s Guide to Resources on Asperger’s Syndrome.
Intervention in School & Clinic, 37 (5), 283-298
Shevitz, B., Weinfeld, R., Jeweler, S., & Barnes-Robinson, L. (2003). Mentoring
Empowers Gifted/Learning Disabled Students to Soar! Roeper Review, 26 (1), 37-48.
Siegel, B. (1996). The World of the Autistic Child. New York, NY: Oxford University
Silberman, S. (2001) The Geek syndrome. Web site. Retrieved July 24, 2010, from
Web site: Tony Attwood ’What is Aspergers?’
Web site: ’Asperger\'s and IT: Dark secret or open secret?’
_open_secret_ Retrieved July 24, 2010
Web site: The university of Leeds http://www.equality.leeds.ac.uk/for-staff/goodpractice-
July 24, 2010
Web site: Psychodrama. http://www.nccata.org/psychodrama.htm
Retrieved July 24 2010
Forrige artikkel Neste artikkel